Photographer's Note

At a maximum depth of approximately 3,790 meters from river to mountain peak, Tiger Leaping Gorge is one of the deepest river canyons in the world. Around 15 kilometres in length, the gorge is located where the river passes between the 5,596 metres Jade Dragon Snow Mountain and the 5,396 metres Haba Snow Mountain in a series of rapids under steep 2,000 metres cliffs. Legend says that in order to escape from a hunter, a tiger jumped across the river at the narrowest point (still 25 metres wide), hence the name.

I tried to find out what is the deepest canyon (gorge) in the world.

The definition of "largest canyon" is imprecise, because a canyon can be large by its depth, its length, or the total area of the canyon system. Also, the inaccessibility of the major canyons in the Himalaya contributes to their not being regarded as candidates for the biggest canyon. The definition of "deepest canyon" is similarly imprecise, especially if one includes mountain canyons as well as canyons cut through relatively flat plateaus (which have a somewhat well-defined rim elevation).

The deepest canyon in the world is at the confluence of the Gilgit and Indus rivers, where the Karakoram Highway was constructed; the river flows at an elevation of about 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above sea level. To the south by 15 km, rising in one continuous sweep above the Indus, the world's largest such rise is the summit of the world's ninth-highest mountain, Nanga Parbat, 8,126 m high. Rising to the north, also visible from the bridge over the Gilgit, is the westernmost of the great Himalayan peaks, Rakaposhi, 7,788 m high. That makes the Indus gorge 7,120 m deep from river to peak at that point, more than 600 m greater than the depth of the Kali Gandaki Gorge and 1,500 m deeper than the Yarlung Tsangpo Gorge. These are the three deepest canyons in the world. Only the largest mountain ranges of Asia have the scale for such canyons to have formed. The Andes of South America are high mountains, but not on the same scale as the Himalayas, Karakoram, or Hindu Kush, which all come together at the confluence of the Gilgit and the Indus in Pakistani Kashmir.

Vying for deepest canyon in the Americas are the Cotahuasi Canyon and Colca Canyon, in southern Peru. Both have been measured at over 3500 m deep.

The Grand Canyon of northern Arizona in the United States, with an average depth of 1,600 m is one of the world's largest canyons. Copper Canyon in Chihuahua, Mexico is deeper and longer than the Grand Canyon.

The largest canyon in Africa is the Fish River Canyon in Namibia.
Other spectacular canyons are Sumidero Canyon in Chiapas, Mexico, Antelope Canyon, Arizona, Glen Canyon, Utah and Arizona, Zion Canyon, Utah, Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, Wyoming, Rio Grande Gorge, New Mexico, Charyn Canyon in Kazakhstan.

As you maybe remember, I "collect" different places.I visited these canyons from the above list.

The word canyon is Spanish in origin with the same meaning. The word canyon is generally used in North America while the words gorge and ravine are used in Europe and Oceania, though gorge and ravine are also used in some parts of North America. In the United States, place names generally use canyon in the southwest and gorge in the northeast, with the rest of the country graduating between these two according to geography. In Canada, a gorge is usually narrow while a ravine is more open and often wooded.

Bigger beta picture

Vertical composition

If you are lazy, you can go up and down like this

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10143 W: 144 N: 25376] (123537)
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