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Third view of the Obélisque of place de la Concorde, which will be the last one. This is a close up of one of the sides, showing the hieroglyths carved in the stone.

The translation of the Egyptian hieroglyths had already been done in 1833 when the obelisk was erected, since Champollion suceeeded in 1829. As a testimony to that great discover, who died one year before, in 1832, here is his biography from Wikipedia :
"Jean-François Champollion (23 December 1790 – 4 March 1832) was a French classical scholar, philologist, orientalist, and Egyptologist.
Champollion is generally credited as the father of Egyptology. Based on crucial groundwork laid by Thomas Young and William Bankes, Champollion translated parts of the Rosetta stone in 1824, showing that the ancient Egyptian was similar to Coptic, and the writing system was a combination of phonetic and ideographic signs.
He was born at Figeac, Lot, in France, the last of seven children (two of whom were already dead before his birth). He lived in Grenoble for several years, and even as a child showed an extraordinary linguistic talent. By the age of 16 he had mastered a dozen languages and had read a paper before the Grenoble Academy concerning the Coptic language. By 20 he could also speak Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Amharic, Sanskrit, Avestan, Pahlavi, Arabic, Syriac, Chaldean, Persian, and Chinese in addition to his native French.[1] In 1809, he became Professor of History at Grenoble. His interest in oriental languages, especially Coptic, led to his being entrusted with the task of deciphering the writing on the then recently-discovered Rosetta Stone, and he spent the years 1822–1824 on this task. His 1824 work Precis du systeme hieroglyphique gave birth to the entire field of modern Egyptology. He also identified the importance of the Turin King List.
His vast interest in Egyptology was originally inspired by Napoleon's Egyptian Campaigns. Champollion was subsequently made Professor of Egyptology at the Collège de France.
In 1828 and 1829, Champollion led the joint Franco-Tuscan expedition to Egypt, together with Ippolito Rosellini, the professor of Oriental Languages at the University of Pisa. He travelled upstream along the Nile and studied an exhaustive number of monuments and inscriptions. The expedition led to a posthumously-published extensive Monuments de l'Egypte et de la Nubie (1845). Unfortunately, Champollion's expedition was blemished by instances of unchecked looting. Most notably, while studying the Valley of the Kings, he irreparably damaged KV17, the tomb of Seti I, by physically removing two large wall sections with mirror-image scenes. The scenes are now in the collections of the Louvre and the museum of Florence.
Exhausted by his labours during and after his scientific expedition to Egypt, Champollion died of an apoplectic attack in Paris in 1832 at the age of 41 and is buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery. (...)"

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Additional Photos by Emmanuel LE CLERCQ (emjleclercq) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2013 W: 62 N: 3116] (15778)
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