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Meteora is a cluster of massive dark rocks rising out of Kalambaka, near the first hills of Pindus and Chasia. The monasteries of Meteora, built on the tops of some of the rocks is now the second most important monastery complex in Greece, after the Holy Mountain. Of the thirty who have been historically, currently operating only six of which in 1988 listed World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
The creation of the geological landscape, though he occasionally employ many Greek and foreign geologists are not yet clearly understood. It is interesting that neither the Greek mythology or ancient Greek and foreign historians have not been reported in this area.

According to the theory of the German geologist Philipson, who visited Greece in the late 19th century, the creation of these huge boulders due to a thigh cone of river boulders and limestone which poured millions of years in areas covered then Thessaly . The geological changes in elevation and centuries aposfinosan section withdrew it when the waters in the Aegean. So later in the Tertiary period formed the Alpine folds of the Pindus range, the cone is cut off from the solid form of the individual creating smaller, those who suffer today, and among them the valley of the river Pinios.
The wild and inaccessible landscape was the place for the Christian hermits who settled the region in which chronology is not exactly known.
In various opinions supported Byzantinologists that began before the 11th century. Other historical information suggests, however, as a first settler Barnabas ascetic who founded the 950-970 very old Hermitage of the Holy Spirit. Followed the establishment of the Transfiguration (1020) by a Cretan monk Andronicus and the 1160 founded the Hermitage drop or Doupiani. After 200 years, the hermit Barlaam founded the Monastery of the Three Hierarchs and the Saints and later unknown priests created the Holy Trinity Monastery of St. Stephen, the Visitation of Rousanou or Arsaniou, Saint George Mandila, Saint Nicholas ease, the Panagia Mikanis, of Saint Theodore, Saint Nicholas Bantova, the Apostles, Saint Gregory of St. Anthony, the Almighty, the Holy Monastery of Prodromos Monastery Ypsiloteras, calligraphy, the Modestos of chain, the Apostle Peter, Saint Dimitrios, the Kallistratos of Archangels and John Bounila.
Silver artifact Meteora. The name Meteora attributed to founder of the Great Meteoro monastery Saint Athanasios the Meteorite, which he called "Meteoro" Platis Lithos who went first 1344. In general, the monastic life in Meteora depressed in the years of decline and fall of the Byzantine Empire and the subsequent Ottoman conquest of Thessaly in 1393. But by the late 15th century and especially the 16th century Meteora is most of the edge and established new single, global and monastic buildings, which were decorated with incomparable art paintings.
Over the years the monastery was the state began to be strengthened by monks to reach its peak around the 17th century. But by the time it starts and the decline so far operate only the monasteries of the Transfiguration of Barlaam, Saint Nicholas of rest, the Rousanou, the Holy Trinity and St. Stephen's and some other segments of the others have disappeared .
Meteora due to the topography, offered during Ottoman ideal refuge for rescued monasticism and cultural monuments and works of post-Byzantine art. In the early 19th century, many monasteries were plundered by the army of Ali Pasha.
In the 1920 stairs and tunnels carved in the rocks making the single accessible from the nearby plateau, so the traditional method of communication and supply with the single ladders, ropes, pulleys and baskets, gradually abandoned.

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Additional Photos by Dimitris Kastanaras (kastanaras) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 79 W: 0 N: 174] (1160)
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