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The region of Trikala inhabited since prehistoric times, and the first signs of life in the cave of Theopetra, reaching down to the 49,000 BC about. They also discovered Neolithic settlements from 6000 BC Grand Kefalovriso and other locations.
The city of Trikala is built on the ancient city or Triki Triki, founded around the 3rd millennium BC and named after the nymph Triki, daughter Pinios or otherwise of Asopos river. The city was an important center of antiquity, and here he lived and acted Asclepius, currently emblem of the Municipality of Trikala, who was king of the city. In fact there was one of the most important and oldest Asklepieia era. The city also brought in Homer's Iliad to participate in the Trojan war to the Greeks, with thirty ships and leaders, doctors sons of Asclepius and Machaona Podalirius. The city was capital of the kingdom during the Mycenaean era and later became the center of the State of Estaiotidas occupied approximately the present area of the prefecture of Trikala and is described by the geographer Strabo.
During historic times the city of Triki and the surrounding area of the river has experienced growth. Fell to the Persians in 480 BC while ten years later joined the monetary union Thessaly. In 352 BC united with the Macedonia of Philip II. Theater was hard fighting between Macedonians and Romans, during the recent invasion of Greece, as Philip V and his son Perseus tried to keep it free without ultimate success since 168 BC conquered.

In the first centuries after Christ, the city and the region has experienced it all invaders in the Balkans: Goths (396), Huns (447), Slavs (577), Bulgarians (976-1025), Normans (1081), Catalan (1309 -- 1311) and in 1204 the Franks, and for a short time returned to the Byzantine Empire and the Domain of Epirus. At the beginning of the millennium, the city is new to the current name, Trikala, the Alexiad Anna Komninis. The city finally is captured by the Ottomans in 1393, after a prolonged period of decline is an important center of cottage industry, with famous woolen textiles and leather products. Also an important cultural center, and for much of the Turkish occupation (1543-1854) worked here Triki School (and later Greek School) in which taught teachers of the era known as Dionysius the Philosopher.

On August 23, 1881 with the Treaty of Constantinople, the city goes to Greek sovereignty like the rest of Thessaly and Epirus. Will find itself under Turkish sovereignty in the Greco-Turkish war of 1897 for approximately one year until the final integration to Greece (1898). Then Trikala played a key role in rural mobilizations of the early 20th century against the landowners, and were the place to establish the first agricultural cooperative in Greece, in 1906. There were also the sites of the National Resistance during the occupation. Came from Trikala General ELAS Stephen Sarafis. In Trikala also exposed to public view his head Velouhioti Mars after his death. The city was liberated from Nazi occupation on October 18, 1944.

The Fortress of the city, built by Justinian on the ancient citadel of Triki during the 6th century century, with a triple wall. Reconstructed later by the Ottomans, who in the 17th century and placed a huge clock on a tower, accompanied by a bell weighing 650 kilos. In 1936 was assigned another watch from the Mayor Theodosopoulos, but was inglorious end and bombed by the Germans in 1941. The third frieze of the fortress from the bottom of a well, starts tunnel crossing the hill of Prophet Elias and lead the way to Kalambaka. Today the Fort is hosting the outdoor theater of the municipality.

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Additional Photos by Dimitris Kastanaras (kastanaras) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 79 W: 0 N: 174] (1160)
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