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Photographer's Note

Pictured here is the 4th gate complex (guardhouse and gate) of the Hapsburg citadel of Alba Iulia (Karlsburg/Alba Carolina named after emperor Charles VI). The Baroque gate is adorned with the simplified crest of the House of Austria (Habsburg), sculptures, ancient motifs, trophies and flags. The gate served as point of access on the north side of the fortress. The tower on the right is the bell tower of the Orthodox cathedral built between 1921 and 1923.

The Vauban-style fortress was built between 1714 and 1738 after the designs of Italian architect Giovanni Morandi Visconti, during the reign of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI of Habsburg. The star-shaped fortress was the military headquarters and chief ammunition storage of the principality of Transylvania in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Alba Carolina citadel is the most representative of its kind in Transylvania.

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Additional Photos by Mihai Raul MRB (mikee) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 301 W: 117 N: 654] (2354)
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