Photographer's Note

Bratislava has a long and famous history dating back 2000 years. Despite of this Bratislava is one of the youngest capitals in Europe.Between years 623 – 658 a political formation known as Samo’s Empire was created. In 7th – 8th centuries the area of Bratislava became center of Avars – Slavic Empire, an important trace in the history of Slovakia. Famous history of Slavic tribes started in 9th century, when the Greater Moravian Empire was established. At that time the surroundings of today Bratislava Castle became military, administrative and religious centre.First written reference to the Devin Castle dates back to 864. Devin is described as strong border fortress of the Greater Moravian Empire.First written reference to Bratislava (as Brezalauspurc) is found in Salzburg Annals. Reference dates back to 907 AD in connection with the fight between Bavarians and Hungarian Suites.
In 10th – 11th centuries AD Bratislava Castle was an important border fortress of Hungary and the seat of canonry and district administration. Bratislava principality was ruled by Hungarian King Stephan I in 1000 – 1038 AD.
The eastern side of Bratislava Castle hill was settled in 12th century.
Roman church of St. Salvatore was moved from castle to the area of today St. Martin’s Dome.
Since 1291 Bratislava was granted several royal privileges by King Andrew II. to confirm Bratislava’s position among Free Royal Cities which helped an extensive development of trade and crafts. In this period viticulture, international trade and various crafts flourished in Bratislava. But only in 1430 was the city granted minting privilege by King Sigismund of Luxembourg. Heraldic deed was also granted to Bratislava by Sigismund in 1436.
All privileges to the city were confirmed in 1464 by Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus by Golden Bull. King Matthias Corvinus established also the first University in today’s Slovakia – Academia Istropolitana. It was in 1465.
In 1526 in a Battle at Mohac King Louis II perished and Ferdinand of Habsburg was elected new king at a session in the Franciscan Church in Bratislava.
In 1536 Bratislava became capital of Hungarian Empire, seat of the synod and central administration. The most important is the fact that Bratislava became the same year Coronation town of Hungarian Kings and seat of the Archbishop (in 1543). Within years 1563 – 1830, during three Centuries, 11 kings and 8 royal spouses were coronated in St. Martins Dome.

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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