Photographer's Note

A beautiful jacaranda tree, seen outside a bar in Old Cordoba.

Originally established by the Carthaginians, Cordoba became a Roman settlement in 206 BC. It was subsequently conquered by Muslim armies in the eighth century, and then became the capital of the Islamic Emirate and then Caliphate of Córdoba, including most of the Iberian Peninsula.

Caliph Al Hakam II opened many libraries in addition to the many medical schools and universities which existed at the time, making Córdoba a centre for education. During these centuries, Córdoba became a society ruled by Muslims, in which all other groups had a second-class status.

It returned to Christian rule in 1236, during the Reconquista. Today it is a moderately sized modern city and popular tourist destination. Its population in 2011 was about 330,000. The historic centre has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 10245 W: 63 N: 28719] (126158)
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