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"TIBIDABO"

Reconciliation Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

The TIBIDABO is an exceptional viewpoint over Barcelona. The monks that settled in the valley of Hebron around 1393 gave this christian name to the mountain called "Puig de l'Aliga" which is the highest elevation (518 m) in the Sierra de Collcerola.
Close to the TIBIDABO is also the Monte Carmelo. This three biblical names were given to these landscapes at a time they were far away for the inhabitants of Barcelona (120.000 in 1800; 1.720,000 in 1986). It is not very clear when these names became common, but Ramón Ferrer already mentioned the name of TIBIDABO in "Barcelona cautiva I" (1815) on page 509, although he still prefered to use the name of Collcerola.

TIBIDABO is the concatenation of two latin words "tibi dabo" meaning "I will give you", taken from the bible Matthew 4, 9 telling from Jesus 3rd temptation in the desert. Satan said:

"I'll give you all this, if prostrated you adore me" (Hace omnia tibi dabo si cadens adoraveris me).

The monks imagened Satan could have tempted Jesus from this mountain top offering him all the affluence of the city of Barcelona. This idea was taken up by the artist who created the colored window in front of the elevator of the superior temple.

The name TIBIDABO - given by the monks to this mountain top - preanounced his religious destination which finally leaded in 1886 to the construction of a hermitage on the mountain top. Later in 1889 the first stone was laid to build what is now the Reconciliation Temple of the Sacred Heart (Templo National Expiatorio del Sagardo Corazon de Jesus).

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Additional Photos by Wolf Dieter Gomez Ringe (wodigori) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 38 W: 18 N: 53] (171)
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