Photographer's Note

Goreme, located among the "fairy chimneys" rock formations, is a town in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is in the Nevsehir Province in Central Anatolia. The Goreme National Park (Göreme Milli Parklar in Turkish) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. (from wikipedia)

*Land of the Volcanoes
Cappadocia, with its fascinating landscapes, lies in the central Anatolian highlands of Turkey. The plateau has an average height of over 1000 m and is marked by its steppe-like vegetation. It's climate varies between cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers. The landscape is studded with bizarre rock formations, the result of volcanic activity, wind and water.

Ancient Volcanos
The volcano came into being some three million years ago at a fault between two continental plates. The magnificent landscape around Göreme has been formed from its solidified lava streams, its ash and tuff stone, all dating from Neocene period. It is criss-crossed by deep valleys formed by heavy erosion. Only small mounds of non-volcanic origin stand out above this. No further volcanic eruptions have been recorded in more recent times. But earthquakes throughout most of Anatolia testify to the constant tensions in the earth's crust and shifts in the continents.
The second largest volcanic massif in inner Anatolia after Erciyes Dag¦ is the 3268 m tall Hasan Dag¦. It's present name was given to it by the first Seljuk prince of western Cappadocia, Hasan.

The onset of the volcanic activity began some 14 million years ago. It continued until 8000 years ago, when the inhabitants of the famous Neolithic settlement Çatal Höyük depicted the event in their wall-paintings.

Bizarre Tufa Landscape
Cappadocia numbers among the most fascinating corners of the world. This veritable lunar landscape distinguishes itself by its extensive geological formations, which often have an unreal air to them. The highly typical morphological structures of Cappadocia are the result of thousands of years of continual erosion, which has shaped the tuff deposits into the strangest pyramids and cones. The process was assisted by the different strata of volcanic ash, which through the course of ages were compressed to form firm tuff rocks.

Source:CD-ROM "Cappadocia, the land of rock cut churches" published by & the Cappadocia Academy in 2004

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Additional Photos by Selen Ediger (SelenE) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 131 W: 11 N: 330] (1276)
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