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Photographer's Note

It may come as a surprise to many of you but in the middle ages Sweden several times attempted to invade Poland. Definitely worth of mentioning is the Battle of Kirchholm (present day Latvia, 1605). 3,600 Polish soldiers have completely crashed 11,000 Swedes. Only about 100 people were killed on the Polish side while about 7-8,000 Swedes were lost. I mention that to illustrate that Poland was not intimidated by Sweden. However half a century later, Sweden succeeded in flooding Poland using mainly the old Roman strategy “divide and conquer”. Poland divided internally was an easy target. Of course, such a little country like Sweden could not keep vast Polish-Lithuanian lands forever so they tried to steal as much as they could. Swedes devastated most of the country, and stolen everything that was possible to load on a boat. Whatever they could not steal they have burned (read more about it here). One of the turning points in the war was a battle of Czestochowa where Poles believe to be rescued by the Holy Mary. Polish King well used this victory and in Lviv Cathedral (in this photo) he announced Virgin Mary as the queen of the Polish Crown (”Lwów Oath”). At the same time he made a lot of promises which helped to unify the country and get rid of the invaders. The country was left devastated though and the king of course never fulfilled his promises. Similarly Swedes, in spite of the signed treaties, never returned stolen goods.

ChrisJ, lousat, jhm, Fis2, PaulVDV, PiotrF, alvaraalto, danos, ikeharel, Periko, adramad trouve(nt) cette note utile

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Additional Photos by Mariusz Kamionka (mkamionka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4043 W: 91 N: 10524] (43379)
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