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Ephesus was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League during the Classical Greek era.
In the Roman period, it was for many years the second largest city of the Roman Empire; ranking behind Rome, the empire's capital.
Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 in the 1st century BC, which also made it the second largest city in the world.

The library of Celsus was built in honor of Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus (completed in 135 AD) by Celsus’ son, Gaius Julius Aquila (consul, 110 AD).

The library was built to store 12,000 scrolls and to serve as a monumental tomb for Celsus. It was unusual to be buried within a library or even within city limits, so this was a special honor for Celsus.


Sorce: wikipedia

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