Photographer's Note

Copenhagen view with the Parliament (Christiansborg Palace) - in the background

The photo was taken from City Hall tower, perhaps best view point for the city.

Christiansborg Palace is the most important building in Denmark today. The Palace is the centre of Danish democracy as the seat of the Folketinget (the Danish Parliament), the Supreme Court, the Prime Minister's office, and the Royal Reception Rooms.

Christiansborg is situated in the small Slotsholmen, the Palace Island, and for almost a thousand years this has been the site for parliament and sovereigns ever since the times of Arch Bishop Absalon, in the 12th century. He erected the first palace in Slottsholmen, which stood over 200 years, unitl it was demolished by the Hanseatic cities.

During the centuries to come, kings have been crowned an married in the royal palaces on this site where palaces has been erected, burnt down and erected again. The last fire was in 1884.
The palace of today dates back to the beginning of the 20th century and is built on the ruins of the former royal palaces. Parts of the palace is opened to public.


Copenhagen was a trading and fishing center by the early 11th cent. It was fortified (1167) by Archbishop Absalon and was chartered (1254) by the bishop of Roskilde. The city was twice destroyed by the Hanseatic League but successfully resisted (1428) a third attack. Copenhagen replaced Roskilde as the Danish capital in 1443. The city exacted tolls from all ships passing through the Øresund until 1857. Having resisted (1658–59) a Swedish siege, Copenhagen was relieved by the Dutch. In 1660 peace between Denmark and Sweden was negotiated there. The city had expanded considerably in the 16th and 17th cent. as its trade grew, and it continued to develop in the 18th cent. as industries such as textile making and tobacco processing brought added prosperity.
Copenhagen became involved in the war between Napoleonic France and England in the early 19th cent. The news that Denmark, by a secret convention, was about to join Napoleon's Continental System and to join in the war on England led the British government to decide to send an expeditionary force to seize the Danish fleet, which already had been mauled (1801) in the battle of Copenhagen. When the Danes refused to surrender, the British landed troops in 1807 and severely damaged Copenhagen by bombarding it.
The city recovered quickly after the Napoleonic Wars, and its industrial base grew rapidly in the 19th cent. In World War II, Copenhagen was occupied (1940–45) by the Germans, and its shipyards were bombed by the Allies. The city itself was only slightly damaged, and it retained the charm and design that had resulted in its being called “the Paris of the North.”
(Source: Copenhagen travel guide)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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