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Photographer's Note

When I visit the castles connected to the Cathars in South of France I keep wondering:

What was the basic criteria for selecting which summit, which clifftop to place the new castle
- when you was there almost 1000 years ago and had to do your selection..

The result can be seen even today with castles who seems to be carved out of the mountainside. Like here the castle of Puilaurens.

Some more of this castle:
Castle of Puilaurens
The castle here had belonged to the Abbey of Saint-Michel de Cuxa before it was acquired by the King of Aragon in 1162. As Aragonese property it was outside the territory ravaged by the Crusaders during the Cathar wars. Like Queribus it therefore provided a refuge for those fleeing from the invading forces. Those who took refuge there included both Cathars and faidits, that is to say those who had forfeited their property because of their opposition to the invaders. These faidits included high nobles, such as Guillaume de Peyreperteuse.
Somehow, it is not known how, Puilaurens was ceded to the French some time before 1255. After 1258 its possession by the French crown was ratified by the Treaty of Corbeil, when the Aragonese border was moved south. In 1260 it was garissoned by 25 sergeants. It was taken by Spanish troops in 1635, but lost all strategic importance after the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 when the border was moved even further south to its present position along the crest of the Pyrenees.
The present building mainly postdated the Treaty of Corbeil, and is thus principally French.

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Additional Photos by Jack R Johanson (jrj) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4529 W: 494 N: 7430] (34843)
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