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Naupactus or Nafpaktos, is a town and a former municipality in Aetolia-Acarnania, West Greece, Greece.

The well preserved Castle of Nafpaktos is one of the most beautiful castles in Greece. It proudly keeps watch on the city and the bay of Patras and its picturesque ramparts go down to enclose the little harbor.

Its fortification passed through many phases, as it was started in the ancient times, passed through the Venetian conquest and was completed by the Turks.

The castle protected the people of Nafpaktos during wars and was unique for its five defensive walls, two of which were built going down to the sea and three walls were constructed at different levels on the hill between the maritime walls and the castle for maximum security. In periods of sieges, people would get into the castle to protect their lives from the enemies. Through its history, it has been a base for conquerors and pirates.

In 1204 the town would have become part of the new Latin Empire, but was seized by Byzantine troops and thus fell to the emergent Despotate of Epiros. In 1407 the Venetians took over, until driven out by the Turks in 1499. The fortifications stretch up from the town to the top of the hill rising steeply behind it (the town played a significant role in classical history, and classical remains may exist on the summit). Most of what remains is Byzantine, Venetian 15th century and Turkish. The fortifications exploit ravines and steep slopes, and must have been formidable until artillery powerful enough to bombard the town from the surrounding hills had been developed. The Turkish fleet sailed from here to fight the Battle of Lepanto (1571).

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