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Viken or the Vik (pronounced "veek", English: the bay, or the wick) is a historical district surrounding the Oslofjord in southeastern Norway. The cultural hub is centred in Oslo, but the capital of the region was formerly at Borre. It comprises the historical provinces of Vestfold, Østfold, Ranrike, Vingulmark and Bohuslän. During the European Migration Period, this was a heavily fortified area.

Claims have been made that the word "viking" (pronounced "veeking") is derived from this placename, meaning "a person from Viken". According to this theory, originally the word "viking" simply described persons from this area, and that it is only in the last few centuries that it has taken on the broader sense of early medieval Scandinavians in general.

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Additional Photos by Gunnar Holmertz (saxo042) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3641 W: 198 N: 5663] (38078)
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