Photographer's Note

Since Neolithic times man has been hunting and gathering in the forest in the area of Zufre. Knives and chisels found in the vicinity have been dated back to the Bronze Age. Activities in the past history range from farming and cattle breeding to mining. In the 5th Century at the time of the fall of the Roman Empire, little historic evidence is available, but there are traces of the Muslim influence of the 8th Century. Proof of this exists in the form of an official 14th century stamp with he spelling of the place name as "Xufre", which is of Arabic origin.

Zufre became one of the most important strategic areas in the region, due to its access to Seville from the mountains and so a fortified wall was built around it, making it into what has been described as an Eagle's Nest. During the Early Middle Ages, Zufre was officially classified as a Town and that was when the fortified walls were built to ward off the pillaging raids by the Portuguese invaders. The widely dispersed population of the time all gathered within the town's walls for protection and safety

After a turbulent historic time, the beginning of the 20th century brought hope to Zufre. The advent of the train line connected the previously isolated hills to the outside world. The construction of the mining track, Cala-San Juan de Aznalfarache went through Zufre and La Junta and was used to transport both goods and passengers. Following the prosperous times of the rail connection, many people left the area and it became forgotten and neglected - something that today's population of Zufre intend to put right.

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Additional Photos by Filip Horak (vodomerka) Silver Note Writer [C: 6 W: 0 N: 27] (257)
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