Photographer's Note

Hello friends, today I offer an overview of the entrance walls of the ancient city of Cadiz, popularly called Puerta de Tierra, the rest of the city is surrounded by water, then some letters with the history of the monument and the city, I hope you enjoy.

The Land Gate is an architectural monument which is a stronghold of the wall that was entering the city of Cadiz. Built by the architect Torcuato Cayon academic in the eighteenth century, the cover is carved in marble and is designed more as a religious altarpiece as military fortification.

It is one of the most significant monuments of the city, dividing, at present, the Old Town (popularly known as "Cadiz" or "Cadiz Cadiz") and the modern (popularly known as "Land Gate" or "Outside the Walls") city.

In the sixteenth century the first wall was built in this area and in 1574 was expanded to protect two bastions. In the eighteenth century acquired its final appearance. In the center of the building opens a marble façade designed by José Barnola, in 1756. Conceived more as a religious altarpiece as military fortification, was executed under the direction of Torcuato Cayon. For the facade that leads into the city built a marble portico as a triumphal arch.

The Tower of Puerta de Tierra was erected at the end of 1850 to serve as the tower No. 57 Line optical telegraph Andalucia José María Mathé, which could send messages from the Ministry of the Interior (in Madrid) to Cadiz almost two hours, if the weather permitted. There are many images and some texts show that this optical tower became operational from 1851 until late 1857, when it was replaced by the electric telegraph poles. The telegraph parts were for governor of the province of Cadiz, but sometimes were published in local newspapers, such as The National or the Official Journal of the Province. The Tower of Puerta de Tierra, but have forgotten now, was known in the late nineteenth century as the "Tower Mathé", in memory of the director of the optical telegraph lines (which also created the Telegraph Corps in 1855).

In the first half of the twentieth century, with the growth of the city by extramural areas, considered the possibility of demolishing the entire set and allow greater access to vehicles downtown. Finally it was decided the partial filling of the trenches and the opening of two new arcs in the stretch of the wall. The work was led by architect Antonio Sanchez Esteve. On its walls purple flag flies from their canton.

Cadiz is a Spanish town and municipality located in the province of Cádiz, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, in the extreme southwest of continental Europe. It is the capital of the province and along with Jerez de la Frontera is one of two principal cities in the metropolitan area of ​​the Bay of Cadiz, Jerez, third core population of Andalusia and one of the most economically and industrially active in Andalusia Spain. Also conforms with the municipalities of Chiclana de la Frontera, El Puerto de Santa Maria, Jerez de la Frontera, Puerto Real, and San Fernando Rota the Association of Municipalities of Cadiz Bay.
Today Cadiz is known for his long and influential history, one of the oldest cities of Western Europe and archaeological remains dating back 3100 years, not only nationally but also for its importance in processes such as the Punic Wars, Romanisation of Iberia, the discovery and conquest of America, the establishment of the liberal regime in Spain with its first constitution and its subsequent influence of this for the constitutions of their independence, the former Spanish colonies.

The story itself Cádiz is a city marked by its military and commercial strategic location, halfway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. This is one of the oldest Phoenician settlements west. Since its founding by the Tyrians, according to the classical tradition 80 years after the Trojan War (1104 a.), Was a city facing the sea and trade. Hannibal left it to the conquest of Italy and Julius Caesar himself was awarded the title of civitas federata the Roman Senate. The city reached great prosperity in Roman times. They are built amphitheatres, aqueducts and becomes the second most populous city of the Empire for a short period. During this time living in the city more than five hundred equites (a caste of notable citizens), rivaling Padua and Rome itself.

During the crisis of the third century of the Roman Empire, the same drop this and Visigothic conquest, the city entered a significant decline, entering a dark time and losing the provincial capital and its commercial and strategic importance. The collapse of the commercial networks of the Empire, Gades as necessary to any coastal city, did most. The open style great city of antiquity slowly gave way to a smaller walled city, style common in the Middle Ages. Desperate economic necessity, many of these ancient inhabitants of Gades were forced to give up basic rights for protection of large landowners and peoples from the interior, for example Asido Caesarina Augusta. The former became a free class of citizens called colonus half.

The city was conquered by the Byzantines in 522 BCE, conquered by the Visigoths in 620 and conquered by the troops of Tariq ibn Ziyad in 711, with the battle of Guadalete. During that time it demolished the statue of Hercules, in the temple of Hercules.

The reconquest of Cadiz is included in the recapture of the Guadalquivir (1243-1262), incorporated in 1264 to the Spanish crown. Not until the Reconquista when establishing in the Bay of Cadiz shipyards Royal Crown of Castile and the beginning of the age of discovery, when the city emerges with great momentum. Many left their ports discoverers like Christopher Columbus or Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, and in colonial conquerors, who have enriched and enabled, centuries later, the creation of a bourgeois society, liberal and revolutionary. As a city that had the monopoly of trade with America, home of the House of Trade and Indian fleet, was the scene of numerous naval battles and creating the first Spanish constitution.

In 1766 Carlos III definitely promoted the emancipation of Lion Island with the founding and naming of the first consistory in the new independent villa by Royal Decree on the name of the Royal Villa Isla de Leon.
In decline, after his involvement in the War of Independence and sunk after the loss of Cuba, the city has not stopped growing in population (in this sense of benefiting rural exodus, especially from the Janda), until the early nineties and especially from the period 1996-2010, a period in which around 20,000 have left the city of Cadiz. So far it has regained its importance at the state level.

Source Wikipedia, more information from the same
Model: NIKON D3100
Software: PhotoScape
Exposure Time: 10/25000 sec
F-Stop: f/8.0
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 28 mm
Date Taken: 2012-05-28 10:23
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 231 kb

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Additional Photos by angel cornejo (cornejo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 5753 W: 5 N: 12577] (61504)
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