Photographer's Note

The Four Graces

The first decade of the 20th century marked an important period for the development of the Pier Head, a riverside location in the city centre of Liverpool.
Three landmark buildings were developed and built during this period. The three buildings are called "the Three Graces".
Two of the Graces can be seen in the background in today's three images.

The central dome in the first photo is of the Port of Liverpool Building
The building was designed by Sir Arnold Thornely and F.B. Hobbs and was developed in collaboration with Briggs and Wolstenholme.

The two-bell tower on either side of this dome belong to the Royal Liver Building designed by Walter Aubrey Thomas.
The two towers display the two fabled Liver Birds that watch over the city and the sea.
Legend has it that were these two birds to fly away, then the city would cease to exist.

These two buildings are among the first in the world to use reinforced concrete.
The third grace, the Cunard Building is hidden behind the modern buildings in the foreground.

In the early 21st century, the plan was to develop The Fourth Grace to be built on the Liverpool Pier Head, as a part of the Liverpool European Capital of Culture 2008 bid. The four proposals were submitted, all of which received criticism for their appearance and contrast to the city's famed historic skyline.
After this, the “Mann Island Project” was developed, with most notably the gleaming black building of The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).
RIBA North is the RIBA's national architecture centre on Liverpool's Waterfront. It opened in June 2017 and was recently awarded the title of 'Best Newcomer to the Visitor Economy' at the Liverpool City Region Tourism Awards 2018.

■ Picture 1: ◄ Diagonals ►

■ Picture 2: ◄ Front View ►

■ Picture 3: ◄ Close Up ►

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Additional Photos by Rob Zwemmer (alvaraalto) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 5618 W: 329 N: 10882] (42648)
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