Photographer's Note

Another picture of sunset in İzmir. As described by Victor Hugo: “İzmir… a princess with a beautiful necklace on her neck”, along the waterfront, tourists and locals alike enjoy the gentle touch of Aegean breezes while watching thousands of colors blend together as the sun sets over İzmir’s bay.

İzmir is a five thousand year old city, situated on the west of Anatolia peninsula, surrounded by the Aegean Sea. Izmir is the third largest city in Turkey and its port is second only to Istanbul. After İstanbul and Ankara, İzmir is the third most populous city in Turkey.

In addition to being a busy tourist center, İzmir is a strategic site for all kinds of cultural activities with its universities, museums, concert halls, cultural and art associations. As such, it is home to many national and international festivals.

The original city was established in the third millennium B.C. (at present day Bayrakli), at which time it shared with Troy the most advanced culture in Western Anatolia. By 1500 B.C. it had fallen under the influence of the Central Anatolian Hittite Empire. In the first millenium B.C. Izmir, then known as Smyrna, ranked as one of the most important cities of the Ionian Federation. During this period, one of the city's most brilliant, it is believed that Homer resided here. Lydian conquest of the city, around 600 B.C., brought this period to an end. Izmir remained little more than a village throughout the Lydian and subsequent sixth-century B.C. Persian rule. In the fourth century B.C. a new city was built on the slopes of Mt. Pagos (Kadifekale) during the reign of Alexander the Great. Izmir's Roman period, beginning in the first century B.C., was its second great era. Byzantine rule followed in the fourth century and lasted until the Seljuk conquest in the 11th century. In 1415, under Sultan Mehmet Celebi, Izmir became part of the Ottoman Empire.

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Additional Photos by Senol Cetinler (aquilanera) Silver Star Critiquer/Silver Note Writer [C: 35 W: 0 N: 41] (143)
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