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The German Fountain (in Turkish Alman Cesmesi) is a gazebo styled fountain in the northern end of old hippodrome (Sultanahmet Square), Istanbul, Turkey and across from the Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I. It was constructed to commemorate the second anniversary of German Emperor Wilhelm II's visit to Istanbul in 1898. It was built in Germany, then transported piece by piece and assembled in its current site in 1900. The neo-Byzantine style fountain's octagonal dome has eight marble columns, and dome's interior is covered with golden mosaics.

The German Government constructed the German Fountain for Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta's 1898 Istanbul visit. The fountain's plans were drawn by architect Spitta and constructed by architect Schoele, also German architect Carlitzik and Italian architect Joseph Anthony worked on this project.

The fountain's construction started in the Hejira 1319 (1898-1899), although inauguration of fountain was planned to take place on September 1, 1900 - the 25th anniversary of Abdülhamid II's ascension to the throne. Construction, however, could not finish at the planned time and it was instead inaugurated on January 27, 1901 which was Wilhelm II's birthdate. Marble, stone and gem parts of the fountain were constructed in Germany and transported piece by piece to Istanbul by ships.

The neo-Byzantine style octagonal fountain stood on a high floor, eight stairs, seven brass tap and over its reservoir there is a dome which has eight porphyry columns. Reservoir is standing on mosaic tiled platform and it is surrounded with bronze dome and carved marble. There are eight monograms in the stonework and they represent political union of Abdülhamid II and Wilhelm. There are eight medallion situated on archs that are between columns. In four of these medallions, Abdülhamid II's tughra is written on green background, and in other four Wilhelm's symbol "W" is written on Prussia blue background. Also, over "W" there is a crown and below it a "II" is written. Dome was surrounded with bronze circle, but unfortunately this circle was stolen. Exterior bronze green dome is standing over eight porphyry columns, and dome's interior is surface decorated with golden mosaics and again with Abdülhamid II's tughra and Wilhelm II's symbol.

The bronze inscription on reservoir, which was written in German, is "WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER STIFTETE DIESEN BRUNNEN IN DANKBARER ERINNERUNG AN SEINEN BESUCH BEI SEINER MAJIESTAET DEM KAISER DER OSMANEN ABDUL HAMID II IM HERBST DES JAHRES 1898" meaning "German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who constructed this fountain in 1898 autumn, as a gratitude remembrance for his visit to Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II”.

There is also an Ottoman inscription in the arch of fountain, Undersecretary of Seraskery Ahmet Muhtar Bey's eight couplet history verse is written by Hattat İzzet Efendi. In lines, fountain's construction for commemorating Wilhelm II's Istanbul visit is told.

İstanbul’da Sultanahmet Meydanı`nda, Sultan I. Ahmed Türbesi`nin karşısında yer alan tarihi çeşme. Alman İmparatoru II. Wilhelm'’in Sultana ve İstanbul’a hediyesidir. Almanya’da yapılıp 1901’de İstanbul’daki yerine monte edilmiştir. Neo-Bizanten üslübunda bir çeşmedir; içerden altın mozaikle süslüdür. Alman Çeşmesi, Türkiye’ye üç kez gelen imparatorun 1898’de istanbul’a ikinci kez gelişinin anısına ithaf edilmiştir.

Yapımına 1899’da başlanan çeşmenin 1 Eylül 1900’de, Sultan II. Abdülhamid’in 25. cülüs törenine yetiştirilmesi planlanmıştı. Ancak çeşmenin inşası bu tarihe yetişmeyince. II. Wilhelm’in doğum günü olan 27 Ocak1901’de görkemli bir tören ile çeşmenin açılışı gerçekleşmiştir.

Çeşmenin planlarını Kaiser’in özel danışmanı Mimar Spitta çizmiş, yapımını Mimar Schoele üstlenmiştir. Ayrıca Alman mimar Carlitzik’le İtalyan Mimar Joseph Antony de bu projede çalışmışlardır. Alman hükümeti önce hipodrom alanını düzenlemiş, meydanın ağaçlandırılması yapıldıktan sonra Almanya’da hazırlanan çeşme buradaki temeller üzerine oturtulmuştur. Mermerleri ile değerli taşları Almanya’da işlenmiş ve parçalar halinde gemi ile İstanbul’a getirilmiştir.

Alman çeşmesi, ne heykelli Avrupa çeşmelerine, ne de Osmanlı meydan çeşmelerine benzer. Yüksek bir taban üzerine oturtulmuş, sekizgen planlı bir yapıdır. Su haznesinin üzerinde sekiz sütunun taşıdığı bir kubbe yer alır. Sütunları birbirine bağlayn kemerlerin üzerindeki pandiflerde birer madalyon bulunur. Dördünün içinde yeşil zemine II. Abdülhamid tuğrası, diğer dördünün içinde Prusya mavisi üzerine II. Wilhelm’in simgesi olna W harfi altında II sayısı konulmuştur.

Koyu yeşil renkte kolonların taşıdığı görkemli bir kubbe ile örtülü çeşmenin tunç kitabesinde Almanca olarak “Alman Kaiser’i Wilhelm II 1898 yılı sonbaharında Osmanlıların hükümdarı haşmetlü Abdülhamid II nezdinde ziyaretinin şükran hatırası olarak bu çeşmeyi yaptırdı” yazmaktadır.

Çeşmede bir de Osmanlıca kitabe vardır. Bu kitabe Osmanlı Seraskerlik Dairesi’nden, aynı zamanda edebiyatçı olan Ahmet Muhtar Paşa’nın beyiti sülüs yazıyla İzzet Efendi tarafından yazılmıştır

(Minor cropping from top and bottom from RAW Format. It had been brightened and sharpened)

(Was benefited for note guidelines from Wikipedia)

hay_kes, luiscar, fayeulle, Charo, salvator, Zelanda, efi, pebbles trouve(nt) cette note utile

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Additional Photos by Seref Halicioglu (WepWaWet) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 355 W: 5 N: 629] (3798)
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