Photographer's Note

The Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth. The word "isthmus" comes from the Ancient Greek word for "neck" and refers to the narrowness of the land. To the west of the Isthmus is the Gulf of Corinth, to the east the Saronic Gulf. Since 1893 the Corinth Canal has run through the 6.3 km wide isthmus, effectively making the Peloponnese an island.

Today, two road bridges, two railway bridges and two submersible bridges at both ends of the canal connect the mainland side of the isthmus with the Peloponnese side. Also a military emergency bridge is located at the west end of the canal.
The submersible bridge at the Aegean side of canal

The idea for a shortcut to save boats sailing all round the Peloponnese was long considered by the Ancient Greeks. The first attempt to build a canal there was carried out by the tyrant Periander or Periandros in the 7th century BC. He abandoned the project owing to technical difficulties, and instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland stone ramp, named Diolkos, as a portage road. Remnants of Diolkos still exist today next to the modern canal. When the Roman republic (later to be the Roman Empire) took control of Greece, a number of different solutions were tried. Julius Caesar foresaw the advantages of a link for his newly built Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis. By the reign of Tiberius, engineers tried to dig a canal, but were defeated by lack of modern equipment. Instead they built an Ancient Egyptian device: boats were rolled across the isthmus on logs, as the Egyptians had rolled blocks of granite to make their pyramids. This was in use by AD 32. In AD 67, the philhellene Roman emperor Nero ordered 6,000 slaves to dig a canal with spades. According to Pliny the Elder, the work advanced four stadia. The following year Nero died, and his successor Galba abandoned the project as being too expensive.

Ο Ισθμός της Κορίνθου είναι μια στενή λωρίδα γης που χωρίζει τη Στερεά Ελλάδα από την Πελοπόννησο και ενώνει τον Σαρωνικό με τον Κορινθιακό κόλπο. Έχει πλάτος 6 περίπου χιλιομέτρων στο πιο στενό του σημείο, εκεί όπου έχει κατασκευαστεί η διώρυγα της Κορίνθου (1880-1893).

Ο Ισθμός της Κορίνθου ήταν στο παρελθόν στρατηγικό σημείο και για το λόγο αυτό είχε κατασκευαστεί τείχος ήδη από τους αρχαίους χρόνους, το οποίο είχε διατηρηθεί μέχρι τους Βυζαντινούς χρόνους (Εξαμίλιον).

Μεταξύ του τείχους και του περιβόλου υπήρχε η δίολκος, οδός μέσω της οποίας μεταφέρονταν εμπορεύματα και μικρά πλοία για να αποφευχθεί ο περίπλους της Πελοποννήσου.

vasilpro trouve(nt) cette note utile

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Katerina Meleouni (Katepina) (172)
  • Genre: Lieux
  • Medium: Couleur
  • Date Taken: 2010-11-06
  • Categories: Transports
  • Exposition: f/4.8, 1/50 secondes
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Versions: version originale
  • Date Submitted: 2010-12-12 12:15
Viewed: 1911
Points: 10
  • None
Additional Photos by Katerina Meleouni (Katepina) (172)
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