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Photographer's Note

Hello friends and colleagues, today I present this view of the church tower of the beautiful village of Zahara de la Sierra, this villa is part of the group of villages in the province of Cadiz are the "White Towns of Andalusia". Hope you like it, then some letters about its history.

Zahara de la Sierra is a village in the province of Cadiz, belonging to the Sierra de Cadiz. Its history dates back to ancient times, but it will be in the Middle Ages when it acquires importance to become a significant Muslim enclave, conquered by the Christians in the process of conquest of the Kingdom of Granada. Today it is one of the most significant villages of the White Towns of Andalusia. ZAHARA IN THE UNITED NAZARI (XIII-XV CENTURIES) Year 1282. Documentarily the first news that we referred to the town and fortress of Zahara dates back to 1282, when the Castilian king Alfonso X "The Wise" requested an interview with the Sultan Morocco Yusef Aben, who asks for help to fight his son, the future King Sancho IV "Bravo", which had revolted him. Wise King justified his request because if my fixed non facen my enemies will thus wrong to take my enemies by fixed .. The Moroccan prince will accept your request housed in Zahara, the important seasoning border Nazari kingdom militarily controlled by Cora Ronda. Chronic likewise have collected the interview, held in the courtyard under the tent of silk and gold from Baghdad. Alfonso sitting in high place; Moroccan almuadón feather in his hand. Aben Yussef is a venerable white-bearded old man and flow rates and knows a lot of books and science and therefore is a friend of the king of Castile, the aid will be delivering 60,000 gold doubloons good law that receives the Castilian and it It corresponds to the delivery of cows to enhance Moroccan Then send him books written in Arabic, which in the end will be in Jerez to be conquered. Year 1407. It is the first Christian making Zahara (made obviously not isolated because during the same military campaign, falling also in Christian hands, Pruna and Torre Alháquime) by the Infante Don Fernando "El de Antequera" tutor Juan II and later King Ferdinand I of Aragon, that under chronic conquer the village after being subjected to bombing. The Infante Don Fernando, carrying in his right hand the sword of King San Fernando and the warriors of the flower and gala court from Moron and Montellano, crossing the ford Guadalete Puerto Serrano, planted his Real near Zahara, and from allícon three bombards, bombards Zahara, but gets nothing. But Alonso, who therefore receive the name of Escalante, climb walls and get their surrender, which occurs on October. The Moors who lived there were sent under escort to Ronda. 1410. Taking advantage of the governor, Alonso Fernandez de Melgarejo, with his troops had left unguarded the square, as riot were on the border, there is an attempt to reclaim the square from the Muslim side. According to the chronicles, they get up to the castle aided by two traitors from within; but eventually flee, knowing that Don Fernando goes back to Zahara, but not before having it subjected to prey for several days, during which burned the village and the church, the inhabitants slaughtered, leaving only seven Christians who took refuge in the Castle, the event results in a relay at City Hall to consider the Castilian king who has been negligent in his defense: that of Melgarejo was replaced by his brother, Garci Fernandez. Throughout this Christian occupation (1407 -1481), Zahara, despite being conquest starring monarchical power, was ceded to defend and occupation at the hands of the Spanish military nobility nothing strange in medieval repopulation -case. The feudal power was immense, so that in chronic, around 1477 appears to us a character, Marshal Fernando Arias de Saavedra, at that time commander of Montalban, which acts as a true master of Zahara since this town was within their personal assets, tic operated independently. In such wise that we try to wean yourself Utrera, assaults Bornos, Jerez and Arcos (then royalist possessions, which means a confrontation with the king's troops) and maintains truce with the Sultan Granada. His son, called "the Young Marshal", heir to the vast territorial wealth, continues the same policy, until it is reduced in 1481 their possessions with the loss of Zahara. 1481. Zahara is recovered by Nazari part. The chronicles are succinct information regarding this incident ..., Zahara is surprised by the Moors on the night of December 28, 1481, who know the castle you are planning a bad Christian q bundle told where to enter, and slaughtered defenders, taking captive the Christian defenders of the town. Year 1483 is the date, personalized in the figure of Don Rodrigo Ponce de Leon, who out of Marchena final conquest by Castilian part, and after a short siege they win the square in October of that year (not knowing the exact day since the sources speak of such events from 14 to 28). Previously, in September of that year there was an attempt to win by the Count of Cifuentes, but failed in his attempt. Regardless of chronic, something seems to have no doubt: Zahara was in pre war situation and constantly alert, and acted as a military outpost due to its strategic location on the border: at the time of the conquest, Don Rodrigo was not found it women or children, but men for war, which shows that assertion. After the Christian conquest, war agreements were established on the basis of the degree of resistance that have exercised the Muslim troops in the defense of the place. For Zahara, it would be more in line with reflected by Fray Antonio Agapida where the Marquis did not want to continue the siege, the lack of sufficient supplies. Consequently, he offered a very favorable capitulation, allowing them to leave without their weapons, but carrying all they could carry personal effects and authorizing them to emigrate to Barbary. Logical possibility, which also reflects Palencia in his chronicle.
Source Wikipedia. More information at source.

Make: NIKON CORPORATION
Model: NIKON D3100
Software: PhotoScape
Exposure Time: 10/3200 sec
F-Stop: f/4.5
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 38 mm
Date Taken: 2014-12-22 17:23
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 284 kb

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Points: 74
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Additional Photos by angel cornejo (cornejo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 5753 W: 5 N: 12577] (61504)
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