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Photographer's Note

Cuprija.
Zahvaljujući povoljnom geografskom položaju, ovo područje bilo je nastanjeno još u kameno doba. O tome najbolje govore mnogobrojna oruđa, oružja i predmeti od keramike pronađeni kod pećine u blizini manastira Ravanice, kao i u samoj Ćupriji i njenoj najbližoj okolini. U gvozdeno doba, ovu oblast, nastanjivali su Tračani, veliki i ratoboran narod, pleme Mezi i pleme Tribali.
U IV veku pre nove ere, u ove krajeve došli su Kelti iz Panonske nizije. Njihova vladavina, nije dugo trajala, jer su se na zapadu Balkana, pojavili Rimljani. Rimska osvajanja, bila su velika i trajala su nekoliko vekova. Oblast između Morave i Timoka, Rimljani su zauzeli tek nešto pre nove ere. Za grad na Moravi, nastupilo je sasvim novo doba, period potpunog procvata. Tada je na ušću reke Ravanice u Veliku Moravu podignut rimski grad Horeum Margi, glavna stanica na vojnom putu Kostolac-Niš.
Ubrzo nakon toga, Rimljani su sagradili kameni most, a sa njim i utvrđenje koje ga štitilo. Grad na Moravi, bio je u to vreme glavni i najveći grad Gornje Mezije (oblast severne Srbije i severne Bugarske), punih šest vekova, njen najvažniji privredni, trgovački, saobraćajni, administrativni, strategijski i kulturni centar, koji je imao velike magacine žita ,radionice oružja, arsenale za celu ovu oblast, hramove, kupatila i kanalizaciju, parkove i ulice. (Ostaci ovog grada iskopani su u samom centru Ćuprije).
Nakon Rimljana, Balkansko poluostrvo zauzeli su Huni koji su polovinom V veka opljačkali i spalili Horeum Margi. Tako je nestao šest vekova star, lep i bogat grad na Velikoj Moravi. Ostalo je samo sećanje i ruševine starog kamenog mosta, kao spomen na proteklo vreme. U srednjem veku, na tom mestu, pominje se srpsko ime mesta Ravno, u kojem je 1189.godine, Stefan Nemanja, veliki župan Srbije dočekao krstaše Fridriha Barbarose na III krstaškom pohodu.
Kasnije turci obnavljaju naselje Ravno, davši mu ime Morava-Hisar (Morava varoš), a na temeljima starog rimskog mosta Mehmed paša Ćuprilić (1660.godine) podiže drveni most-ćupriju, po kome je grad i dobio sadašnji naziv. Zahvaljujući svom položaju pored mosta i glavnog carigradskog druma, Ćuprija polako počinje da se razvija sve do 1890.godine, kada postaje i centar moravskog okruga.
Početkom dvadesetog veka, Ćuprija postaje i važan železnički centar, jer je tada proradila ložionica za opravku lokomotiva i vagona.
Prvu osnovnu školu Ćuprija je dobila 1815, a gimnaziju 1909.godine.
1868.godine, podignuta je i prva bolnica, dok je okružna sagrađena 1906.godine.

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Due to its favorable geographical location, this area was inhabited since the Stone Age. This is best show many tools, weapons and items of pottery found in the cave near the monastery Ravanica, as well as in Ćuprija and its nearest surroundings. In the Iron Age, this area was inhabited by the Thracians, the great and warlike nation, tribe and tribe Mezi Tribals.
In the fourth century BC, came to this region were the Celts from the Pannonian Plain. Their rule, did not last long, as in the West Balkans, the Romans emerged. The Roman conquest, there were great and lasted for several centuries. The area between the Morava and Timok, the Romans took just BC. For a city on the Morava River, there was an entirely new era, a period of full flowering. Then, at the mouth of the river Velika Morava Ravanica the Roman city built Horeum Margi, a major stop on the military road Kostolac-Nis.
Soon after, the Romans built a stone bridge, and with it the fortress protecting him. City on the Morava River, was at that time the capital and largest city of Upper Moesia (the area of ​​northern Serbia and northern Bulgaria), for six centuries, its most important economic, trade, transportation, administrative, strategic and cultural center, which had great storehouses of grain, workshops weapons arsenals in this whole area, temples, baths and sewers, parks and streets. (The remains of this city have been unearthed in the center of Cuprija).
After the Romans conquered the Balkan Peninsula as the Huns who were mid-fifth century sacked and burned Horeum Margi. So he disappeared six centuries old, beautiful and rich city in the Velika Morava. The rest is just a memory and the ruins of the old stone bridge as a memorial to the elapsed time. In the Middle Ages, at this point, mention the name of the Serbian Straight, in which the 1189.godine, Stefan Nemanja, Serbian Grand Zupan Crusaders welcomed by Frederick Barbarossa in the Third Crusade.
Later, the Turks renewed settlement straight, giving it the name Morava-Hisar (Morava town), and the foundations of the old Roman bridge Mehmed Pasha Cuprilic (1660.godine) raised wooden bridge-bridge, from which the town got its present name. Thanks to its location next to the bridge and the main road of Constantinople, Ćuprija slowly beginning to take shape until 1890.godine he became the center of the Moravian district.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Ćuprija becomes an important railway center, as it was then started working stokehold for repairing locomotives and wagons.
The first primary school was given Ćuprija 1815, a high school in 1909.
1868.godine, was built and the first hospital, while the district was built in 1906.

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Additional Photos by Pavle Randjelovic (pajaran) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13616 W: 2948 N: 28175] (115989)
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