Photographer's Note

Setting sun over Xian taken from the ancient city wall, one of the oldest fortifications and best preserved Chinese city walls. Trying to keep the colours natural and not overdo the evening light using ND filter to balance foreground detail.

Construction of the ancient wall started in 194BC and the existing wall was rebuilt during the Ming Dynasty in 1370. Since then the wall has undergone three times of repairs and restorations from 1568 till 1983 to the present structure, complete with a deep moat which is 20 meters wide surrounding it. Thus making it a complete defensive system. and it is still probably the biggest walled city in the world. It measures 12meters height, 15-18 meters thickness at the base and a total of about 14km length in rectangular shape.

There is a rampart at every 120 meters. The ramparts, 98 in total, are towers that extend out from the main wall. The top of the rampart being at the same level as the top of the wall were built to defend against the enemy climbing up the wall. Each rampart has a sentry building, in which the soldiers could protect the entire wall without exposing themselves to the enemy. The distance between two ramparts is just within the range of arrow shot from either side. The top of City Wall can be ascended via 18 gates, the most popular is the South City Gate or Yongning Gate and no matter which gate is chosen, we still can complete the whole circumference of the wall in one circle.

This picture shows the ramparts & sentry buildings to the left on the South Gate of the wall.

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Additional Photos by abmdsudi abmdsudi (abmdsudi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 8742 W: 136 N: 21264] (95869)
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